CIVICS STUDY GUIDES

 

Ø  Civics/Lewis
Unit I Study Guide
Chapters 1-4

Ø 
Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________. The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class. THESE ARE THE TEST QUESTIONS! Work with this guide and you will do well on the test.
Most of these questions will appear EXACTLY as they are here on the test. Some will be VERY similar. All questions will be short answer format.

1.   What is the purpose of the Constitution, i.e. what does it do???

2.   What does each article of the Constitution create and what is its function? (remember the mnemonic aid)

3.   What are the five purposes of government?  Give an example of each in action.

4.   Which branch did the Framers think would be a relatively insignificant aspect of the national government? What IMPLIED power has given this branch the ability to become a significant part of the national government?

5.   What does "separation of powers" mean? Why was it done?

6.   What does "checks and balances" mean? Why was it done?

7.   How many amendments are there to our Constitution? How many have been added in the method described in the Constitution?

8.   Where can the Bill of Rights be found? What is the purpose of the Bill of Rights? Why was it added to the Constitution?

9.   Describe the method of proposal and ratification of Amendments that has been most typically used. Why has the other option of PROPOSING amendments never been used?


10.   List and explain the content of each of the first ten Amendments to the Constitution.

 

11.   Describe the importance of the following documents as it relates to democracy in America.

 

Ø  Magna Carta
Virginia Declaration of Rights
Federalist/Anti-Federalist Papers.
MayFlower Compact
Articles of Confederation
Constitution
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Declaration of Independence

  Va Declaration of Rights


12.   The Constitution was an attempt to address problems that were experienced under the Articles of Confederation. Identify the problems that existed and for each identify the solution provided for by our constitution

13.   What were the concerns surrounding having an executive branch? How did the framers address those in the Constitution?

14.   Give examples of precautions taken in the Constitution to guard against the "emotional masses" from participating too much in the national government.

15.   What is federalism? How has it evolved in our system of government?

16.   Identify and explain the seven forms of government--Constitutional Monarchy, Theocracy, Confederation, Totalitarianism, Direct Democracy, Republic, Junta

17. Define each of the following principles which are embodied in the Constitution.
Limited government/ separation of powers/ Judicial review/
popular sovereignty/ checks and balances/ Federalism

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER 19 Study guide

All key terms (vocabulary)        What a bureaucracy is and how it works.

Executive departments               Freedom of Information Act

 

Independent agencies

Ø      Why they were created?

Ø      Purposes and functions?

Ø      Examples of independent agencies.

Ø      Examples and functions of government corporations.

 

Civil Service System

The Iron Triangle

 

Executive Branch

(Ch 17,18,19)

 Study Guide

¨

1. What are the constitutional requirements to be president?

2. What is the limit on the number of terms a president can serve?  What amendment set this? What president was the only one to serve more than this limit?

3. What are the constitutional requirements to be Vice President?

4. What is the limit on the number of terms a VP can serve?

5. What constitutional duties does the VP have?

6. What “perks” does the president get?

7. What are the first 6 positions on the Presidential Succession Act of 1947?  Has it ever been used?

8. How does the 25th Amendment handle Presidential disability?  Explain the procedure(s)

9. Who sets the president’s salary?  How much a year will it be for the 43rd president?

10. What are the 8 “roles” ( or hats) the president has?  

11. The office of the president of the United States is said to be one of the most powerful in the world.  Summarize how each of the following limits the power of this office:

Congress

Judiciary

Political Limitations

12. How many Executive Departments (cabinet positions) are there? ____ 

13. The head of each of those departments is called a _________ except for the __________ Department whose head is called ____________.  Each of these gets this job by:

14. What is an independent agency?  What is an independent Regulatory Agency?  How are they different?

15. What is the spoils system for choosing bureaucrats?  What is the Civil Service system?  What percent of federal jobs today are classified as Civil Servant positions? Give examples of those that are still given by patronage.

 

Legislative Branch

(Ch. 14, 15, 16)

Study Guide

¨

Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________.  The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class. THESE ARE THE TEST QUESTIONS!  Work with this guide and you will do well on the test.

Most of these questions will appear EXACTLY as they are here on the test.  Some will be VERY similar.  All questions will be short answer format. 

1. What Article of the Constitution can the Legislative Branch be found?

2. How many representatives are there in the House of Representatives? Why this number?

3. How many representatives is a state guaranteed?  What determines the number of representatives a state will get?

4. Explain the process for determining the number of representatives a state will get, and deciding who each will represent.

5. What is gerrymandering?

6. How many senators are there in the Senate?

7. What is the term for a member of the House?  The Senate?

8. What are the qualifications to be in the House?  The Senate?  Why are they different?

9. Who elects a member of the House?

10.  Who elects a member of the Senate?

11.   Which is chamber is referred to as the lower chamber?  The upper chamber? 

12.  What are the leadership positions in the House?

13.  What are the leadership positions in the Senate?

14.  How does someone get these positions?

15.  What powers does the House have that the Senate does not?  What powers does the Senate have that the House does not?

16.  Why did the framers give stricter qualifications and a longer term of office for Senate?  What was the reason to give the House members such a short term in office?

17.   What do the different members of Congress get paid?  What other benefits do they receive as part of the job?

18.  What special privileges do members enjoy?

19.  What 5 roles do Congressmen play?

20.What is a standing committee?  What do they do?  How is membership on the committees determined?

Powers of Congress

Legislative

21.  Define expressed powers.

22.Define implied powers.  What is the debate surrounding implied powers?

Non-Legislative

23. Describe these types of powers

-impeach

-pick a president

-propose amendments

-give advice and consent

-investigative powers

-oversight

24.  What limits does Congress have on its powers?

25.  How a Bill Becomes Law

          -review chart on page 431, class notes

26.  Name our California congressional leaders.

 

Chapter 12 - Media

Chapter 13 - Voters and Voting Behavior

 Study Guide

¨

Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________.  The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class. THESE ARE THE TEST QUESTIONS!  Work with this guide and you will do well on the test.

Most of these questions will appear EXACTLY as they are here on the test.  Some will be VERY similar.  All questions will be short answer format.  MAKE-UP TESTS WILL BE ESSAY FORMAT

 

Chapter 12

1.       How much TV does the average American household watch per day?

2.     Explain the different types of TV appearances a candidate makes:

a.      campaign ads

b.     appearances on talk shows

c.      coverage of campaign stops

d.      televised debates

Additional points to consider:  cost factors, most/least impressionable on voters, ease/difficulty of candidate ability to control coverage

3.     Consider the following: a) there is a saying in politics “It doesn’t matter what they say about you, as long as they say your name”  and b) on the Letterman Show Letterman asked Bush what he thought about Letterman making so much fun of him and Bush responded “At least you are saying my name.”  What do these two examples illustrate about the media and voter behavior?

4.     What is the “catch – 22” about negative ads?

5.     How does print media and broadcast media (TV) differ?

6.     What is the primary source for news for most Americans?

 

Chapter 13

7.     Define suffrage

8.     To whom does the Constitution give the power to set voting requirements – the states or national government?  Why was this done?

9.     Who was allowed to vote prior to 1850?  By 1850?

10.  What amendment gave African-Americans the right to vote?

èidentify all the reasons why African Americans were still disenfranchised even after the amendment passed:

 

11.   Identify the legislation passed that finally made African American voting a reality: ____________________ What did this legislation do?

 

12. What protections are given in the 19th Amendment?

13.  What protections are given in the 23rd Amendment?

14.  What protections are given in the 24th Amendment?

15.  What protections are given in the 27th Amendment?

16.  What requirements for voting are still in place?

 

Reasons for low voter turnout

17.  EXPLAIN and give an example of the 10 reasons for low voter turnout

Ideas for reform

18.  Identify the pros/cons for each of the following reforms

          èvoting via internet

          ècompulsory voting laws

          ènational holiday

          èshortening registration deadline to 10 days

          èshortening registration deadline to election day

 

19.  Do you think democracy is in danger when 50% of the American voting population does not vote?  Why/why not?

 Civics2/Chapter 12 &13 Study Guide - revised

 

Chapter 11 – Campaigns and Elections

 Study Guide

¨

Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________.  The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class. THESE ARE THE TEST QUESTIONS!  Work with this guide and you will do well on the test.

Most of these questions will appear EXACTLY as they are here on the test.  Some will be VERY similar.  All questions will be short answer format. 

 

1.       Explain the difference in the following ways someone is nominated for office

èself nomination

ècaucus

èprimary

Which is most commonly used?  Why?

 

2.     Explain the three types of primaries.  Which do voters prefer?  Why?  Which do political parties prefer? Why?  Which does CA have?

 

3.     What component of the Constitution did the Democrat party, in their case to the Supreme Court, argue that CA primary violates?

4.     How are primary elections and general elections different?

 

5.     What are each of the responsibilities for the members on the campaign staff?

6.     Besides the campaign manager, which member of the campaign staff do you think is the most crucial to the campaign?  Why? (relate to what you know about elections)

 

 

7.     How much money was spent in the 1996 election?

8.     FECA (Federal Election Campaign Act)  1971, 1974

èwhat is the name of the organization that enforces campaign finance laws?

èhow much are individuals limited to when giving to a candidate?

èhow much are PAC’s limited to when giving to a candidate?

èhow much can individuals give to PAC’s?

èhow much are individual’s limited to giving TOTAL in an election cycle?

èhow much are PAC’s limited to giving TOTAL in an election cycle?

èin what election can you receive “matching funds” from the federal govt to run your campaign?

èin what election can you receive a “lump sum” from the federal govt to run your campaign?

ècandidates must file reports with the FEC 4x a year.  What must be in these reports?

ècan restrictions be put on the amount a candidate can spend on his/her campaign?  Why/why not?

 

9.     PAC’s

ècan an interest group, labor union or corporation give directly to a campaign? ___Why/Why not? Can they give directly to a political party?___

 

10.  If a PAC wants to give money during an election, what are the minimum requirements?

 

11.   What are the concerns with PAC’s?

 

12.  Explain the two “loopholes” in the FECA (Federal Elections Campaign Act)

èsoft money –

èforeign contributions –

 

13.  What are the proposals for reforming campaign financing?

14.  Explain the barriers to reforming campaign finance laws

èright of freedom of speech

èRepublicans

15.  Why did the framers create the Electoral College?

16. ****How does the Electoral College work? (give specific details)

17. How many amendments have been proposed to Congress to change the Electoral College system?   _____ Have any passed? ____

 

Chapter 10 – Political Parties

 Study Guide

¨

Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________.  The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class. THESE ARE THE TEST QUESTIONS!  Work with this guide and you will do well on the test.

Most of these questions will appear EXACTLY as they are here on the test.  Some will be VERY similar.  All questions will be short answer format. 

 

1.       Define and give an example of each:

·one party system –

 

·two party system -

 

·multiparty system-

 

2.     The United States has third parties - why isn’t it classified as a multiparty system?

 

3.     Why does the United States have a two-party system?

 

4.     Why do some critics of our system claim we really only have a one-party system?

 

5.     What is the difference between a party identifier and an active party member?

 

6.     Has party membership increased or decreased?  How many people today declare themselves “Independents”?

 

7.     What is a party platform?  When it is written?

 

8.     Using the chart on pg. 278, and reflecting on the differences between our first two political parties, the Federalists and Anti-Federalists, and the differences between the current Republican and Democrat party, what seems strange about the evolution of the two parties? What explains this?

 

9.     What is the Republican party’s symbol?  Why?

 

10.  Why is the Democrat party’s symbol?  Why?

 

11.   The structure of the Democrat and Republican parties is described as decentralized.  What does this mean?

 

12.  On several occasions, the parties have asked (Dwight Eisenhower - WWII) or wanted (Colin Powell – Persian Gulf War) the same person as their presidential candidate.  How is this possible?

 

¥ From Class notes

13.  Why do third parties fail to win major offices?

 

14.  How has the power of the two parties has been weakening over time?

 

15.  What are the major differences between the Democrat and Republican party on the following:

a.      role of national government

b.     defense

c.      economy

d.      solving poverty

e.      solving crime

f.      supporters/constituents

 

 

 

         

Extra Credit

You will also have the opportunity to identify 2 people ( I choose them! ) and their connection to government for up to 4 points extra credit!

 

Civics/Chapter 10 – Study Guide (revised)

 

Chapter 9 – Public Opinion and Interest Groups

Study Guide

 

Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________.  The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class. THESE ARE THE TEST QUESTIONS!  Work with this guide and you will do well on the test.

Most of these questions will appear EXACTLY as they are here on the test.  Some will be VERY similar.  All questions will be short answer format. 

 

1.       What is public opinion?  What is the purpose of public opinion polls?

2.     What is a straw poll?

3.     What is a sample?

4.     What is a sampling error?

5.     What is the difference between a choosing a sample using non-probability methods and choosing a sample using methods of probability?

6.     In what ways can a poll be inaccurate?

7.     How do each of these affect the formation of a political opinion?

  1. family
  2. education
  3. media
  4. opinion leaders
  5. peer groups
  6. economic status/opinion
  7. age

 

8.     What is the difference between formal and informal socialization?  Which is more instrumental in forming one’s political beliefs?

 

9.     What is a conservative?  Which political party typically defines itself this way?

10.  What is a liberal?  Which political party typically defines itself this way?

11.   What is an interest group?  How is it different than a political party?

 

 

(over)

Interest Groups reach their Goals:

 

12.  Direct Techniques

·Lobbying

-What is a lobbyist?  Who makes the best lobbyist?

-Where do lobbyists work?

-What do lobbyists do?

     ·Providing Election Support

          -what ways do interest groups get involved in elections?

13.  Indirect Techniques

·shaping public opinion

·mobilizing constituents

·bringing lawsuits

·influencing judicial appointments

·staging demonstrations

14.  What are the criticisms of interest groups?

 

 

Extra Credit

Two “Faces” for 4 points

 

Chapter 8 – Participating in Your Government

The Test

 

All questions will be short answer format. 

 

1.       Discuss the following historical events as it relates to citizenship. (9 pts)

  1. Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
  2. Thirteenth Amendment (1865)
  3. Fourteenth Amendment (1868)

 

2.     What are the two types of citizenship by birth?  Describe each.  (6 pts)

 

3.     Can citizenship ever by lost?  Explain the three ways. (9 pts)

 

4.     Explain the five types of aliens: (15 pts)

a.      Resident aliens.

b.     Nonresident aliens

c.      Enemy aliens

d.      Refugees

e.      Illegal aliens

 

5.     Compare and contrast the rights of aliens with those of US citizens.      (5 pts)

 

6.     How has immigration policy changed in the United States over the last one hundred years?  Include the: (12 pts)

          a.  Chinese exclusion Act of 1882.

b.  Quota Act of 1921.

c.  Immigration Act of 1990.

d.  1996 Immigration Reform Act

 

7.     Discuss the details of California’s Proposition 187?  Why was it ruled unconstitutional in 1994?

 

8.    Discuss the following responsibilities of citizenship: (14 pts)

a.   Voting.

b.  Defending civil rights

c.  Paying taxes

d.  Attending school

e.  Defending the nation

f.  Serving on a jury or as a witness

g.  Contributing to the well-being of society.

 

 

 

 

Civil Liberties/Civil Rights

(Chapters 5,6,7)

Study Guide

 

¨ON TEST DAY BRING YOUR TEXTBOOK TO TURN IN! ¨

Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________.  The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class. THESE ARE THE TEST QUESTIONS!  Work with this guide and you will do well on the test.

Most of these questions will appear EXACTLY as they are here on the test.  Some will be VERY similar.  All questions will be short answer format.  MAKE-UP TESTS WILL BE ESSAY FORMAT

 

Chapter 5

1.       What is a civil liberty vs. a civil right?

2.     Where in the constitution are most civil liberties found?

3.     Originally, when the framers drafted the Bill of Rights, who were they protecting themselves from?  How has that changed today?

FIRST AMENDENT

Freedom of Religion

4.     What is the establishment clause?

-why is it ok for our coins to have “in god we Trust”, for Congress to open with a prayer?  What is the boundary for state involvement in religion?

5.     What is the free exercise clause?

-explain the distinction the court makes from belief and practice

Freedom of Expression

6.     What was the Communications Decency Act of 1997?  What happened to it?

7.     What are the limits on the freedom of expression?

èclear and present danger     èlibel/slander     èobscenity

 

Freedom of Assembly

8.     What are the limits on the right to assemble?

SECOND AMENDMENT

THIRD AMENDMENT

Chapter 6 – Rights of the Accused

FOURTH AMENDMENT

Search and Seizure

9.  What standard must Mr. Fisher meet before he can search you or your locker?

10.  What standard must police meet before they can search a suspect?

11.   In what circumstances is a search warrant not mandatory?

FIFTH AMENDMENT

Self Incrimination

12.  What was this protection intended to do?

13.  What are not instances of self –incrimination that you may be required to do?

14.  What is the significance of Miranda v. Arizona (1966)?  What are the limits of the protection given in this case?  What was decided in Dickerson v United States? (2000)

Double Jeopardy

15.  What are the situations that a person might find themselves in more than one trial, but is NOT considered double jeopardy?

SIXTH AMENDMENT

Right to Counsel

16.  What did the Supreme Court and states originally take this to mean?  What did the Supreme Court in 1963 in Gideon v Wainwright extend it to mean? 

17.  What protections did the Supreme Court give in Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)?

Speedy Fair, and Public Trial

18.  What is the usual length of time a person accused of a crime can expect to wait in jail for a trial?

19.  What does having a public trial entail?  How can a public trial and a fair trial sometimes be in conflict?  What then happens to protect the accused?

EIGHTH AMENDMENT

Excessive Bail

20.Under what conditions can the accused be denied the opportunity to make bail?

21.  What factors are considered by a judge in setting the amount of bail?

 

Cruel and Unusual Punishment

22.What types of punishments has the Supreme Court NOT struck down as being “cruel and unusual”?

23.What types of punishments has the Supreme Court struck down as “cruel and unusual”?

24.For what types of crimes can the death penalty be given as a punishment?

25.What did the Supreme Court decide in Furman v. Georgia (1972)?

26.What did the Supreme Court decide in Gregg v. Georgia (1976) ?

27.How many states have the death penalty?  Is California one of those states?

NINTH AMENDMENT

TENTH AMENDMENT

 

Chapter 7

28.The statement:  “No state shall, deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” refers to what clause of what Amendment?

29.What did the court case Plessy v Ferguson establish? 

30.What case overturned the “Plessy” case?

31.   What is the difference between de facto and de jure segregation?  Which does the policy of bussing attempt to solve? 

32.Looking at the provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, where can discrimination exist?

33. Choose one of the groups represented in the book (African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, Native Americans, Women, Disabled, or Homosexual, from class discussion) and be prepared to discuss the group’s struggles and analyze its successes (or lack thereof) in achieving “equal protection under the laws.”

34.What is affirmative action? What are the arguments in favor and against it as a policy?

Howdy!!

Ready for the Mid-Term

Chapters 1-4 & 9-14

Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________.  The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class.

 

 

  1. What do each of the articles of the Constitution create? (remember the mnemonic aid)

 

  1. What are the six purposes of government as listed in the Preamble to the Constitution?

 

  1. What does “checks and balances” mean?  Why was it done?

 

  1. Describe the importance of the following documents as it relates to democracy in America.

·         Magna Carta

·         Virginia Declaration of Rights

·         Federalist/Anti-Federalist Papers.

·         MayFlower Compact

·         Articles of Confederation

·         Constitution

·         Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

·         Declaration of Independence

 

  1. What were the concerns surrounding having an executive branch?  How did the framers address those in the constitution?

 

  1. What is federalism?

 

7.        What is the difference between formal and informal socialization? 

 

  1. Which is more instrumental in forming one’s political beliefs?

 

9.        What is a conservative?  Which political party typically defines itself this way?

 

  1. What is a liberal?  Which political party typically defines itself this way?

 

11.     The political continuum (spectrum).  What are the five political philosophies?  (be sure to include examples).

 

  1. What is an interest group?  How is it different than a political party?

 

  1. Has party membership increased or decreased?  How many people today declare themselves “Independents”?

 

  1. Why do third parties fail to win major offices?

 

  1. Define and give an example of each:

 

·one party system –

 

·two party system –

 

·multiparty system-

 

16.  What is a party platform?  When it is written?

 

17.  What are the major differences between the Democrat and Republican party on the following:

a.        role of national government

b.       defense

c.        economy

d.       solving poverty

e.        solving crime

                f.  who are their--supporters/constituents

 

18.  Explain the two “loopholes” in the FECA (Federal Elections Campaign Act)

èsoft money –

     èforeign contributions –

 

19.  How are primary elections and general elections different?

 

20.  How many amendments have been proposed to Congress to change the Electoral College system?   _____ Have any passed? ____

 

21.  How many representatives are there in the House of Representatives? Why this number?

 

22. How many representatives is a state guaranteed?  What determines the number of representatives a state will get?

 

23.  Explain the process for determining the number of representatives a state will get, and deciding who each will represent.

 

24.  What is gerrymandering?

 

  1. How many senators are there in the Senate?

 

       26.  Describe these types of powers

 

–impeach

-pick a president

propose amendments

give advice and consent

Investigative powers

-oversight

 

  1.  What limits does Congress have on its powers?

 

  1. How a does a Bill Become a Law?

                -review chart on page 431, class notes

29.  Name our California congressional leaders.

 

30.  How does the Electoral College work? (give specific details)

The Federal Courts

(Chapter 20)

Study Guide

¨

Below is a list of questions covering the information you will need to know for the test on ___________.  The answers to these questions can be found in the text and from notes or discussions in class. THESE ARE THE TEST QUESTIONS!  Work with this guide and you will do well on the test.

Most of these questions will appear EXACTLY as they are here on the test.  Some will be VERY similar.  All questions will be short answer format.  MAKE-UP TESTS WILL BE ESSAY FORMAT

1.Which article of the Constitution outlines the Judiciary Branch?

2.Which is the only court mentioned in the Constitution?

3.Who has the power to change the federal court system?

4. Describe the following sources of American law:

-common law

          ·case law

-constitutional law

-statutory law

 

5. What is the difference between civil and criminal law?  Explain the reasons for why it was possible for OJ Simpson to be found innocent in criminal court and liable in civil court.

 

6. Describe the functions of the following types of courts:

          ·district courts

 

          ·US court of appeals

 

          ·US Supreme Court

 

7. Explain the following types of jurisdiction:

          ·original jurisdiction -

          ·appellate jurisdiction -

Which of the above listed courts has only original jurisdiction?  Which has only appellate jurisdiction?  Which has both types of jurisdiction?

          ·concurrent jurisdiction -

Who determines which court hears a CIVIL case with concurrent jurisdiction?

Who/What usually determines which court hears a CRIMINAL case with concurrent jurisdiction?

          ·exclusive jurisdiction -

 

8.  Explain the following types of reasons a FEDERAL court would hear a case:

          ·federal question

          ·diversity of citizenship

 

Supreme Court

9.  How many members are on the Supreme Court?  What determines this number? Who can change it?

10. What is the title of the highest ranking member?

11. How many women are on the court? Jewish Members? Catholic?

12. How many Hispanics? African Americans? Native Americans? Asian Americans?

13. How do members of the Supreme Court get their jobs?

14. What are the qualifications to be a SC justice?

15. What are the common characteristics that justices have had throughout the history of the court?

16. What is the term for a member of the Supreme Court?

17. What distinguishes the case load of the Supreme Court from any other court in the nation?

18. What types of cases is the SC likely to agree to hear?

19. Explain the following types of opinions:

    ·unanimous

    ·majority

    ·dissenting

    ·concurring

20. What power(s) does the Chief Justice have?

 

21. Explain the following terms:

    ·judicial activism

    ·judicial restraint

Which would liberal justices tend to support?  Conservative justices?

 

22. What checks are there on the Supreme Court?

 

 

23. How can an unfavorable ruling by the Supreme Court be changed?

 

 

24. Some people believe that the Supreme Court is a sheltered, non-partisan branch of government, while others believe the justices are “politicians in black robes.”  Provide reasons for each argument.

 

Executive Branch Study Guide